Clinical trials may be funded by a range of organisations, including:
- private and/or commercial enterprises (for example biotechnology, device or pharmaceutical companies);
- not-for-profit organisations (for example the Cancer Council);
- philanthropists (like the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation);
- government agencies and research councils who are interested in better or more cost effective treatments or ways to prevent, screen, or diagnose health conditions.
Ethics committees will review the funding arrangements for a trial before deciding whether to approve the trial to begin. It is not ethical to start a trial that will not have enough money to finish. They will also check that volunteer payments (if any) are ethical, and the payment to the clinical trial site and researchers is appropriate for the amount of work being performed.